Knee pain can be localized or diffused throughout the knee. Knee pain can be due to a sports injury, a work related injury or an existing medical condition. The knee is comprised of complex intricate parts including cartilage, bone, tendons, ligaments and fluid. The injury or irritation of even one part of the knee can lead to pain and limited physical activity.

Causes of Knee Pain

Knee pain can be caused by acute injuries, medical conditions or overuse.

Acute Injuries

  • Fractures: Knee fractures are painful, and also interfere with the proper functioning of the knee (such as kneecap fracture) or make it very painful to bear weight (such as tibial plateau fracture). All fractures need immediate medical care.
  • Ligament injuries: The most common injury is the ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) injury. This is often caused by a sudden stop and change in direction.
  • Meniscus injuries: The menisci (medial and lateral) are made of cartilage and act as shock absorbers between bones in the knee. Twisting the knee can injure the meniscus.
  • Dislocation: A dislocated knee requires immediate medical attention.

Medical conditions

  • Rheumatoid arthritis: It is an auto immune condition that can affect any joint in the body and can cause severe pain and disability.
  • Gout: This form of arthritis is commonly found in the big toe, but it can affect the knee.
  • Septic arthritis: Septic or infectious arthritis can infect the knee joint. This can lead to pain, swelling, and fever.

Chronic use/overuse conditions

  • Patellar tendinitis: It is an inflammation of the tendons connecting the kneecap (patella) to the bone of the lower leg.
  • Osteoarthritis: A wearing down of cartilage of the joint due to use/overuse and age.

Knee Pain Symptoms

The severity of the pain can vary from a minor ache to a severe and disabling pain. Some of the symptoms of knee pain are:

  • Difficulty walking due to instability of the knee,
  • Limping due to discomfort,
  • Locking of the knee (unable to bend the knee),
  • Redness and swelling,
  • Inability to extend the knee.

When to Seek Medical Care?

If the knee pain does not respond to rest or disappear within a few days, and you see the following symptoms, you need medical care:

  • Swelling
  • Inability to bend
  • Deformity
  • Unable to walk or discomfort while walking
  • Significant pain


Get Rid of Your Knee Pain with IMC, Serving Spring Valley, New City and Nanuet in Rockland

If your knee pain does not go away and becomes chronic, then it is important to get it evaluated to avoid further damage to cartilage, bones, or ligaments. Call IMC at 845-535-9884. We will evaluate your knee pain to avoid further damage and help you get back to shape with our professional and specialized pain management team.

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